Currently, the journey to the adventure environment, there are more opportunities for a higher level of understanding the risks when carrying out each adventure activity. Risk is one of the areas of exploration of adventure tourism, which has attracted particular attention to participants.
In the case of tourism concentrate on perceived risk, because the rating figures for tourists’ travel risk behavior and choices. The way people perceive risk depends on previous experience, personality, gender, culture and age. As well as, people’s goals and expectations play an important role in travel choices with respect to tourist destinations.
Adventure tourism seems to work the opposite way: perceived risk is attractive to potential customers, something they are often looking for. The perception of adventure involves the risk of people trying things way beyond their limits. “The perception of risk is in the eye of the beholder, very individual. If the individual’s risk perception is, it can be concluded about: Why do people take risks and how much risk they are willing to take” (Dickson et al, 2004).
The main purpose of a person’s life and adventure activities is to offer them the right opportunity to achieve and accept the risks involved. In this case it can be an example as an extreme sport activity, for example: tandem skydiving, bungee jumping, paragliding, parachuting, etc.
In terms of tourism, there are risks associated with social and political aspects of adventure tourism, which people perceive as a threat when traveling, for example: incidents of terrorism, economic fluctuations, political changes in the country, etc. Politics is concerned with the exercise of power and influence in society and in certain decisions on public policy. “It is public policy in government that decides to do or not to do about issues and issues related to tourism. Therefore tourism policy is a government action in relation specifically to tourism” (Hall, 2002). Tourists should clearly understand what role that is in the area (destination) where they are going.
Looking at the social aspects of tourism, there are levels that are divided for the richer, the middle class and the poor. If in the goal of having more poor people leave it may be more likely that the crime rate will be higher than the middle class or richer regions of the economy. For example, robbery, terrorism, etc. Some travelers prefer adventure and are disappointed with any of the incidents that occur in the area or destination, because tourists choose a trip that is better risky than safe. But tourists have to know the truth data about that particular destination.
Another important role of adventure tourism is safety. For safety requirements, travelers should plan their itinerary and it is important to plan the worst evacuation scenario just in case if something goes wrong. Travelers should find out the weather forecast for the period when the person is going on an adventure trip. “Travelers must always leave a trail to follow. They should sign and date as many guestbooks as possible at the hostels and front gates of the parks or reserves or historical attractions they visit. They also have to make friends along the way with people who can remember them if shown a picture” (Stratford Analysis, 2011).
Another aspect of planning is to understand what safety equipment is required for the particular location where the traveler will be traveling. Travelers need correct communicational equipment, for example: GPS equipment, emergency radio that shows the weather, radio telephone, etc. Also, tourists need correct knowledge of the environment to protect themselves. Each has specific safety rules that must be followed, for example: land, air, snow, boating and water adventures. Another safety rule is to go through survival training in an environment where tourists are going and to have the opportunity to defend them and survive high risk situations. most importantly tourists who go abroad, they need the correct safety equipment, for example first aid, personal protective equipment (PPE), etc. Dead. People, if they are traveling independently, they must have a good attitude towards their own safety in order to survive or not get hurt.